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POLICE ROLE IN PROTECTION AND PROMOTION OF THE CHILDREN RIGHTS

The police have a duty to create a safe and secure environment for all by reducing crime by preventing actions that could threaten the security of individuals and the community as a whole, through the investigation of crime and the prosecution of criminals. Police must contribute to the goals and objectives of child protection by contributing to empowering children, parents and communities by increasing awareness and support for families that need attention. Children, parents, etc.. should be well informed about their rights and obligations. This can be done by participating in public information campaigns in the media, schools and other public places to increase awareness and raise public awareness about children’s rights, human rights violations and its impact on children, to address sensitive issue of cultural acceptance of violence against children and to promote “zero tolerance” towards any form of violence against children. Police can also help identify children at risk of domestic violence and provide services to reduce these risks.

Individuals and organizations who work regularly with children can receive
information from the police on child abuse and should be able to notice (possible) cases of abuse to a contact or a unit of the police. Through information campaigns and other preventive actions, the police must help prevent child participation in crime or other conduct prohibited by law. Furthermore, the police are part of an interdisciplinary efficient mechanism for monitoring the treatment of children and for reporting and investigating cases of abuse and mistreatment. Under this mechanism, the police must:

• To participate in training programs for police officers who, in the duties, relate to children to benefit from tools needed for the activity under optimal conditions;
• To support and advise schools and hospitals to detect and seize any evidence of violence against children and provide appropriate treatment for victims and criminals;

• To conduct unannounced visits to the schools and to consult individual children with the permission of authorized persons;
• Listening to children’s views on their experiences rather than just focus on the material circumstances of the family or the facilities and services offered by the institution;

• Ensure that complaints about acts of violence (or complaints made ​​in accordance with a mandatory referral), received from medical professionals and other professionals from the children themselves, their parents or legal representatives of the NGOs or other forms of civil society organization, receive a coordinated and multidisciplinary may not assume initially legal intervention;

• Be part of a network that provide assistance and support if necessary, rather than just to intervene or punish;
• To protect persons who report or initiate complaints under the law;
• To monitor the response given referrals to ensure that the term is not very high resolution, and the investigation of complaints of suspected cases of abuse is sufficiently detailed to allow a proper risk assessment;

• To ensure that measures are taken legal actions during solving these cases. Any death or injury of a child should receive thorough investigation.
• When there are the children who commit violence, to ensure that procedures comply with international standards of juvenile violence;
• To ensure that all children receive counseling and legal assistance by widely distributing information on the rules and existing safeguards that all children know the existence and functioning of the complaints, including complaints initiated by children;

• To ensure that all children are involved in designing appropriate mechanisms for consideration of their complaints;
• To ensure that all reports are public investigations (with the right to privacy of the child) and are made ​​available to government officials and decision-makers (see Violence against children in the family and at school, UN Doc CDC/C/111 (September 28. 2001)).

All officers must be vigilant professionals who ensure the rights of children. They talk with their parents, teachers, doctors and anyone who comes into contact with children, investigating participating in prevention and working with SPAS and DGASPC. They intervene directly in the situation of children found on the street (homeless leave, working under the legal age, begging), children who use drugs, alcohol and prohibited substances, children victims of domestic violence, missing children or abuse (physical abuse, sexual abuse, child neglect, exploitation, trafficked). Civil Legislation and police provides concrete measures they take in all these situations.